A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract. Kidney stones are a common cause of blood in the urine (hematuria) and often severe pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin. Kidney stones are sometimes called renal calculi. The condition of having kidney stones is termed nephrolithiasis. Having stones at any location in the urinary tract is referred to as urolithiasis, and the term ureterolithiasis is used to refer to stones located in the ureters.
Is it a kidney stone?
Kidney stones are common urinary tract disorders. Kidney stones can form in your kidneys when normal substances in your urine become too concentrated. When this happens, solid material can stay in your kidney or may move down your urinary tract, eventually passing out of your body.
Types of urological cancers include:Male-specific cancer
• Prostate cancer is found in the prostate gland, which is a walnut-shaped gland that produces prostate fluid (which is a part of semen). It is one of the most common types of cancer in men, and it is usually quite treatable. There are screenings for prostate cancer, but not all doctors recommend those screenings for all men.
• Testicular cancer is cancer that develops in one or both testicles. Most often, it is confined to one testicle. This type of cancer is more common in younger men, but it can occur at any age. Testicular cancer is a highly treatable cancer that can usually be cured. Men are encouraged to perform testicular self-exams every month to check for lumps or changes in the testicles.
• Penile cancer is found on the skin or within the tissues of the penis. Most penile cancers are squamous cell cancers that are found on the foreskin or the glans (head) of the penis. When penile is found early, it is usually curable.
Cancer that can occur in either gender
• Bladder cancer is cancer that affects the bladder. It most often occurs in older adults, but anyone can get bladder cancer. The most common place for bladder cancer to develop is in the cells that line the bladder. Fortunately, most bladder cancer is found early because it tends to cause blood in the urine. When it is found early, it is highly treatable.
• Doesn't need open surgery.
• Treatment of choice in malrotated kidney and horse shoe kidneys having difficulty to access stone.
• Can manage stones from any location in ureter or kidney with 99% success rate.
• Can treat stones up to 3 cm.
• One day of hospital stay only.
• Can resume normal duties with in 4 days.
• Best option in bleeding diathesis.
. Best option for hard stones.
• Best option for stones in very dependent lower calyx. Best option for ESWL failed cases.
• Best option for post PCNL residual stones
Laser Kidney Stone Treatment
Laser kidney stone treatment has high efficiency but the number of sittings with a doctor actually depends upon the size of the stones. The success rate of laser surgery for kidney stone for stones up to 15mm (0.6in) is as high as 80%. The range of successful cases is 50-80%. The surgeon may insert a stent (plastic tube) to facilitate the passing of the stone fragments to the bladder.
Ureteroscopy is a commonly used treatment involving the use of an instrument called ureteroscope (a fibre-optic and small sized instrument).
The best part with this treatment is that there are no incisions caused to the patient who is given general anesthesia for the surgery.
The stones can be removed by either grasping them if small sized or firstly breaking them into small pieces and then performing the laser surgery kidney stones with flexible or rigid ureteroscope. There remains a risk of heavy blood loss and infection during kidney stone surgery done in open operation whereas in this procedure no cut is given.
• Semen analysis: This test evaluates sperm count and sperm movement. If the test reveals a declining sperm movement, the physician may test for antisperm antibodies.
• Blood tests: If the results of a semen analysis are abnormal, the physician may perform a blood test to gauge your hormone levels.