Ignored for decades by urologists, Laparoscopy has fi¬nally entered urology as a subspeciality, within a decade. The skilled laparoscopic urologist can now effectively re¬place many incisional procedures. This aspect of urologic surgery is rapidly developing; its potential is limited only by the urologist's imagination. In the coming years, our methods of urologic practice will change dramatically.
The necessity to harm in order to heal will be supplanted by laparoscopy. Laparoscopy surgery has the advantage of en¬doscopic surgery (less invasive nature) and the advantage of open surgery which is used for the removal and recon-struction of various organs. Thus, transferring benefits of early postoperative recovery, less hospital stay and early recuperation. After ESWL, probably the single most im¬portant development in the field of urology has been the emergence of laparoscopic urologic surgery.
some centres advocated laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy prior to radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy for prostate cancer, since treatment with curative intent was indicated only in cases with histologically negative nodes. Meanwhile along with the development of laparoscopic and robot-assisted prostatectomy, pelvic lymph node dissection if indicated is usually performed together with radical prostatectomy in the same session.